A decade after the New York Power Authority undertook a project to stabilize the shoreline for St. Lawrence Riverfront properties affected by construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway, the effort may need to be revisited.
Approximately 38,000 square miles of shoreline was flooded as a result of the St. Lawrence-FDR hydrodam in Massena. Close to 8,000 residents of farms and homes were displaced after the project began in 1953.
In an effort to control erosion for property owners along the St. Lawrence River, NYPA agreed to establish a shoreline stabilization fund as part of its 2003 relicensing settlement to operate the dam. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission approved the Adjoining Landowner Stabilization Program in 2005.
The stabilization program is limited to the shoreline within the St. Lawrence-FDR projects boundary, which spans approximately 35 river miles within the towns of Waddington, Louisville and Massena.
To date, measures have been completed on 37 properties two in Massena, 22 in Louisville and 13 in Waddington.
A stabilization selection board comprised of three citizens appointed by municipal leaders from each township select the sites from applications submitted to NYPA.
Applications are selected based on how badly a property owners shoreline is eroding, said Jane B. Lawrence, Waddingtons representative to the stabilization board. Approximately 40 sites have been stabilized. With a limited amount of money, we can only pick a few each year. There are approximately 20 that are not completed.
A total of $1.25 million in shoreline stabilization measures have been undertaken by NYPA for properties in the project boundary. That equates to $125,000 annually from 2004 through 2013.
Of the $1.25 million, all but $2,000 has been committed. The $2,000 will be added to the NYPAs planned contribution in 2014 of $125,000. That $125,000 will be available to the stabilization board to be designated for shoreline projects at its fall meeting.
There are five properties selected for the upcoming season using funds from 2013 three in Louisville and two in Waddington, bringing the total count of stabilized properties to 42 as of this year.
Mark P. Brouillette, 112 River Road, Waddington, said he has lost close to 8 feet of shoreline due to erosion since he moved onto his property nearly 10 years ago.
A stabilization project has begun this year on Mr. Brouillettes shoreline. Planning for the project started in June, he said.
I am very pleased with the project so far, Mr. Brouillette said. I applied two years ago, and blueprints were completed in June 2013. The project and work and construction began in March and February.
Mr. Brouillette said he was also pleased to see local contractors working on the project.
Dr. Mijan Stankovic, of 50 Old River Road, Massena, said that while he was pleased with the project on his property, he said repairs and upkeep are necessary.
I moved here in 2005, Dr. Stankovic said. I watch the river every year. The worst case scenario for the winter is for the ice to thaw for five or six days, and the ice starts moving things along the shoreline, grinding everything. The amount of ice will basically determine how much of the shoreline is going to be gone by the end of the winter. This was a very good winter because there was not much motion because of the lack of thaws, as opposed to other previous winters.
Since Dr. Stankovics shoreline was stabilized in 2012, he said that his shoreline eroded by 10 feet.
My property is not affected much, as my house is on a hill, he said. I think it is going to take a while, not during my lifetime, but they may have to do something else in the future.
Dalton P. Foster of Louisville, who studies the water levels each year and is one of the founders of the International Water Levels Coalition, said that further erosion to stabilized properties is inevitable, and shoreline stabilization should not be a one-time project.
There is a need for constant shoreline stabilization, Mr. Foster said. Before the Seaway was built, most of the land was farmland and lawns. The flooding of the Seaway wasnt a natural, gradual change. The shoreline has not had a chance to adapt. It has only been 60 years. Considering the earths timeline, that is a very short timae.
Mr. Foster said rising water levels and ice are the biggest factors when it comes to shoreline erosion.
Ice, when it starts to move, can move anything, Mr. Foster said.
NYPA spokesman Michael A. Saltzman said that properties already stabilized that are subjected to further wear and tear are eligible for reapplication.
In rare instances where the stabilization has been compromised due to storm action, repairs have been made, Mr. Saltzman said. Adjacent landowners are not prohibited from applying for additional stabilization; however, all applications must be approved and selected by the stabilization board.
Approximately 20 applications are now on file with the Adjoining Landowner Stabilization Board for its consideration. But the project, which was agreed to for an initial term of 10 years, is set to expire next year.
Landowners agree that more work should be done in the future to hold off erosion.
I think it would be nice for the region to have these projects continue to be able to have erosion prevented, Mr. Brouillette said.
I am not an expert, Dr. Stankovic said. In my opinion if they notice there is erosion in a spot, they may want to come and inspect the shoreline every once and a while to see if they can fix it with small funds as opposed to waiting for things to fall apart.